FTM Hysterectomy

FTM Hysterectomy / Bilateral Salpingo-Oophorectomy (BSO) in Bangkok, Thailand 

          WPATH considers hysterectomy with and without salpingectomy/oophorectomy to be a necessary component of gender-affirming surgical therapy for transmen who choose to seek this procedure. Hysterectomy has been successfully combined with other gender-affirming surgeries performed in the same operating suite, including vaginectomy, mastectomy, and genital reconstruction, such as metoidioplasty or phalloplasty. Kamol Cosmetic Hospital provides FTM hysterectomy 4 techniques as follows below;

1. Laparoscopic technique

          Instead of making a large incision, the new technique makes only a few tiny incisions through which thin instruments pass through the abdomen. This new technique significantly reduces scaring, pain, healing time, blood loss, and the duration of hospital stay compared to the open procedure.


Picture 1 shows the scar of the laparoscopic hysterectomy technique.

2. Abdominal Hysterectomy with Bilateral Salpingo-Oophorectomy (BSO) or Open Technique

             A transverse incision is an abdominal wall, usually above the pubic bone, as close to the upper hairline of the individual's lower pelvis as possible, similar to the incision made for a cesarean section approximately 4-5cm long. This technique allows the surgeon the most exceptional access to the reproductive structures and performs the removal of the entire reproductive complex. Abdominal hysterectomy is the most common method. The recovery time for an open hysterectomy is 4–6 weeks.


Picture 2 shows the scar of an abdominal hysterectomy or open technique.


3. Subsequently, the Vaginal or V technique:

            Vaginal hysterectomy is performed entirely through the vaginal canal and has clear advantages over abdominal surgery, such as fewer complications, shorter hospital stays, and quicker healing time. If this technique is complicated, surgical exploration will be required. 

4. Natural Orifice Transluminal Endoscopic Surgery Hysterectomy with Bilateral Salpingo-Oophorectomy (BSO) & Oophorectomy or NOTE technique

           A new technique removes the uterus and ovaries. They were developed from total laparoscopic hysterectomy and transvaginal hysterectomy procedures, which provide more safety.  The surgeon inserts a vaginal speculum into the vagina and inserts the shield into the vagina to protect the cervix. Then the surgical instrument is inserted into the vagina. After dissection, both uterus and ovaries are removed from the vagina opening.


Picture 3 shows the process of the NOTES technique Hysterectomy.


Advantage of Hysterectomy NOTE technique

  1. No scar
  2. Less postoperative pain
  3. Shorter hospital stay and quick recovery of bowel function
  4. Shorter recovery and faster return to daily activities
  5. Less complication from bleeding during surgery or less chance of injury in the abdomen

Preparation for Hysterectomy Surgery

  • Gather information. Learn as much as you can about having a hysterectomy. Make sure you understand how the procedure will go and what is involved in the recovery process.

  • Lose weight if you’re overweight. Being overweight can increase the risks associated with surgery and anesthesia, and severe obesity can increase surgery time and blood loss. If you’re overweight, talk to your doctor about the best way to go about losing weight before your surgery.

  • Stop smoking. Stopping or cutting down on smoking as much as possible can help with general anesthesia and recovery from surgery; smokers may have problems breathing during surgery, and they tend to heal more slowly afterward.

  • Discuss your medication with your doctor. Talk to your doctor about whether you need to change your usual medication routine before having a hysterectomy. It would be best to inform your doctor about any over-the-counter medications, such as aspirin or dietary supplements. Some supplements can help prepare you for a hysterectomy. For example, taking a daily multivitamin can help improve general health, and vitamin C can help promote healing. Talk to your doctor about recommended supplements you might take before your hysterectomy surgery.

  • Make sure other medical conditions are well-controlled. If you have diabetes, high blood pressure, sleep apnea, or other medical conditions, check with your doctor to make sure they’re under control before you have a hysterectomy. When other pre-existing conditions are managed,

  • Eat light. Limiting heavy foods and avoiding big meals can help you feel better before and after the procedure. “Eating healthy is always important, but even more so when you plan to have surgery.

Post-operative Care for Hysterectomy

          1. After having a hysterectomy, you will feel tired and in some pain. This is normal after this type of surgery. You will get a painkiller
          2. You may have a drainage tube in your abdomen (if you have had an abdominal hysterectomy) to take away any blood from beneath your wound – these tubes usually stay in place for 1 to 2 days
          3. You may have a gauze pack inserted into your vagina (if you have had a vaginal hysterectomy) to minimize the risk of bleeding – this usually stays in place for 24 hours
          4. you'll be encouraged to take a short walk the day after your operation. This helps your blood to flow normally, reducing the risk of complications developing, such as blood clots in your leg 
          5. After removing the catheter, you should be able to pass urine normally.
          6. Any stitches that need to be removed will be taken out 5 to 7 days after the operation.

Recovery for Hysterectomy Surgery

          The length of time it'll take before you're well enough to leave the hospital depends on your age and general health level. If you have had a vaginal or laparoscopic hysterectomy, you may be able to leave open 1 or 4 days later. If you have had an abdominal hysterectomy, it'll usually be up to 5 days before you're discharged.
It can take about 6 to 8 weeks to fully recover after having an abdominal hysterectomy. Recovery times are often shorter after a vaginal or laparoscopy hysterectomy.
During this time, you should rest as much as possible and not lift anything heavy, such as shopping bags. Your abdominal muscles and the surrounding tissues need time to heal.
          If your job does not involve manual work or heavy lifting, it may be possible to return to work after 6 to 8 weeks. Your doctor will advise you when you can return to work. This can be anything from 2 to 6 weeks after your operation. Do not lift any heavy objects during your recovery period. If you have to lift light objects, ensure your knees are bent, and your back is straight.

Risks and Complications for Hysterectomy Surgery

After having a hysterectomy, you may have some temporary side effects.
          1 Bowel and bladder disturbances
          After your operation, there may be some changes in your bowel and bladder functions when going to the toilet. It's recommended that you drink plenty of fluids and increase the fruit and fiber of your diet to help with your bowel and bladder movements. For the first few bowel movements after a hysterectomy, you may need laxatives to avoid straining. Some people find it more comfortable to hold their abdomen to provide support while passing a stool.
          2. Vaginal discharge
          After a hysterectomy, you'll experience some vaginal bleeding and discharge. This will be less discharge than during a period, but it may last up to 6 weeks.
          Please visit the doctor if you experience heavy vaginal bleeding, start passing blood clots, or have a havering-smelling discharge.
          3. Menopausal symptoms
          If your ovaries are removed, you'll usually experience severe menopausal symptoms after your operation. These may include:
          • hot flushes
          • anxiety
          • weepiness
          • sweating
          You may have hormone replacement therapy (HRT) after your operation. Please consult your hormone therapist
          4. Emotional effects
          You may feel a sense of loss and sadness after having a hysterectomy.

Before and After for Hysterectomy with BSO


Picture 3. Shows the scarless of a NOTE technique

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